The mission of the Center for Spiritual Intelligence Inc. The Center offers a variety of educational services including classes, individual and group instruction via live meetings, teleconference and other electronic formats. The Center also publishes and distributes course materials, articles, and print and electronic books about Spiritual Intelligence and its application to various problems in human growth and development.
Rabbi Yaacov J. Kravitz, Ed. He is a graduate of Brandeis University and received his doctorate from Temple University.
Spiritual Intelligence - Plataforma Editorial Foreign Rights
He received his rabbinical degree from the Reconstructionist Rabbinical College in Emmons claimed that spiritual intelligence consists of several components: capacity to transcend the physical and material, ability to experience heightened states of consciousness, ability to sanctify everyday experience, and ability to utilize spiritual resources to solve problems.
Originally, he also include the capacity to be virtuous, but withdrew this Emmons, b in response to criticism Mayer, that virtues are non-cognitive components of personality and not really features of intelligence. He argued that spiritually intelligent individuals would be highly skilled in entering such states.
Briefly, Gardner proposed that many kinds of abilities deserve to be called intelligences in their own right as opposed to the idea of there being a single general intelligence that can be measured with IQ tests.
Although this is a popular idea with considerable intuitive appeal, it has not been supported by empirical evidence and is not scientifically respected Waterhouse, That is, it should be common for people to have high ability in some kinds of intelligence, and not in others. However, research to date has overwhelmingly found that diverse abilities involving cognition are strongly positively interrelated. Hence, people who are high in certain abilities, more often than not, tend to be high in others.
This suggests, that emotional intelligence is most likely not a completely distinct type of intelligence, but to some extent the application of general intelligence to the domain of emotions. John Mayer , who is famously associated with the concept of emotional intelligence, expressed similar concerns that spirituality mainly involves states of consciousness, whereas intelligence is usually defined in terms of abstract reasoning. Emmons defines spirituality as a search for the sacred, for experience that is meaningful in and of itself.
Note that this is a value-laden definition of intelligence, as more traditional definitions are more value-neutral, e. However, being intelligent is advantageous in solving many kinds of problems. I discuss this study in a previous post.
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Perhaps, this is where the intelligence part becomes important. That is, having the ability to make use of spiritual experiences in an adaptive and balanced way as opposed to developing some form of spiritual pathology. In the final part , I will consider further criticisms of the concept. Please do not reproduce without permission. Brief excerpts may be quoted as long as a link to the original article is provided.
The Illusory Theory of Multiple Intelligences. Emmons, R. Is Spirituality an Intelligence?
Motivation, Cognition, and the Psychology of Ultimate Concern. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 10 1 , Spirituality and Intelligence: Problems and Prospects. Gardner, H. A Case Against Spiritual Intelligence. Griffiths, R.
Psilocybin can occasion mystical-type experiences having substantial and sustained personal meaning and spiritual significance. Psychopharmacology, 3 , Mayer, J.
Spiritual Intelligence or Spiritual Consciousness? Van der Linden, D. Personality and Individual Differences, 53 3 , Van Rooy, D. Emotional intelligence: A meta-analytic investigation of predictive validity and nomological net. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 65 1 , Waterhouse, L. Educational Psychologist, 41 4 , Posting this image here does not in any way imply endorsement by or of this organization. Also it would be useful to actually talk to "spiritual practitioners" to get their experience.
Psychologies tries out… Spiritual Intelligence
Although might be much harder to find genuine practioners than it seems. My notion in terms of spiritual intelligence is the ability to see the world from 30, feet and from the depth of the ocean rather than at a surface level where most of societies operates. In ordinary lives people are compelled to think and act in certain set ways due to their beliefs and desires.
Sometimes their knowledge tries to deflect them from those set ways. I think spiritual activity consists in overcoming the set ways imposed by nature and take guidance from right knowledge. To realise that goal We are required to develop special intelligence.